Tuesday, 3 October 2017

HYDROCEPHALUS.

I remember while growing up, in Sunday school class, being taught that Jesus took away our sicknesses and diseases. I always pondered why they made it sound like there was a lot of sickness and disease . After all, there were just Malaria, fever, cough, conjunctivitis, measles, polio, period pain, chicken pox, typhoid and "madness"(mental health). These were the diseases I knew as a young child.

As I grew older, I realised there were loads more sickness and disease in the world. Relocating from Nigeria to England, I realised that I didn't even know half of the ailments in the world. I have come to realise that there are so many that I cannot begin to list them. This thought has also made me ponder the weight of these sicknesses and diseases that Jesus had to bear on the cross.

Recently, I came across a mother and her daughter. Her daughter has what is known as HYDROCEPHALUS  also known as water in the brain.
(watch out for their story on Friday )

Hydrocephalus is a build up of fluid on the brain. This fluid when in excess, puts pressure on the brain which can damage it.

There are three main types of hydrocephalus:

a)Congenital hydrocephalus:- This is when the child is born with excess fluid in the brain(present at birth). This is also known as water on the brain. Many babies born with hydrocephalus have permanent brain damage. Due to this, they have long term complications such as learning disabilities, memory problems, short attention span, impaired speech, vision problems, epilepsy, physical co-ordination.

b)Acquired hydrocephalus:-This develops after birth and can affect both adults and children.
This could occur after a serious head injury, complications from a medical condition like brain tumour.

c)Normal pressure hydrocephalus:-This usually only develops in older people. NPH is rare and is a poorly understood condition that affects people who are over the age of 60. It could occur after a stroke or head injury. In most cases , the cause is unknown.
Dementia, urinary incontinence ,mobility problems are all main symptoms of NPH. But, because they come gradually and are similar to symptoms of other more common conditions like Alzheimer's disease, it can be difficult to diagnose.

Regular check ups are advised to be done. Please do not take headaches for granted or any pains to do with the head.
Brain scans such as CT scan and MRI scans can be used to diagnose congenital and acquired hydrocephalus.

TREATMENT:
We will look at the treatments next week. Till then, stay sparkling.

Information source: NHS CHOICES. The Information Standard

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